今年是南非之父纳尔逊·曼德拉诞辰100周年,他是南非人口中亲切又尊敬的马迪巴(Madiba,意为老爹),是反种族隔离的标志性人物,也是南非历史上第一位黑人总统。在曼德拉诞辰100周年之际,探寻他由苦难、辉煌与传奇交织的一生,显得格外意义非凡。

2018 marks the 100th birth anniversary of the "father of modern South Africa", Nelson Mandela. Known affectionately to South Africans as "Madiba" (his traditional Xhosa clan name) as a sign of affection and respect, Mandela was the icon of anti-apartheid and the first black president of South Africa. It will be an extraordinarily meaningful time to visit South Africa this year, to follow in Madiba's footsteps and look back at this great man's life which was characterized by hardship, persistence, and glory.

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库怒 | Qunu

位于东开普地区的库怒是科萨人世代居住的地方,曼德拉在库怒的小村庄里度过了快乐的童年岁月。在曼德拉的回忆录中,他也曾提到“在库怒,我度过了少年时代最快乐的日子。”1990年,在曼德拉经历了27年漫长的牢狱生涯后,他再次回到了库怒,度过了安详的晚年。

Located in the Eastern Cape Province, Qunu is a small village where the Xhosa people have lived for generations. Mandela had a happy childhood in Qunu, as recalled by himself in his memoir, "Some of the happiest years of my boyhood were spent in Qunu." In 1990’s, after 27 years of imprisonment, Nelson went back to Qunu, where he spent his peaceful twilight years after his retirement.

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库怒村位于凯伊河与纳塔尔边界之间,北依南非著名的德拉肯斯山脉,绵延起伏的山脉和辽阔的草原风光,共同构筑了此地优美的风景。库怒村至今仍保留着曼德拉母亲的墓地和曼德拉就读小学的旧址,并在此建造了曼德拉博物馆,向公众免费开放,以便人们深入追寻曼德拉的一生。

Located between the Kei River and the Natal border, Qunu boasts beautiful scenery with the Drakensberg to its North, and rolling hills and sweeping grasslands. The village still maintains the tomb of Nelson's mother and the site of young Nelson Mandela's primary school. The Nelson Mandela Museum is also built here and open to the public for free, offering visitors an inspiring journey through the life of the remarkable Nelson Mandela.

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约翰内斯堡 | Johannesburg

种族隔离是南非一段沉重的历史,从1948年至1994年,南非始终处在种族隔离制度的阴影下。直到1994年曼德拉领导的非洲人国民大会获胜,他成为南非首位民选黑人总统之后,种族隔离制度才终于退出了历史舞台。为了纪念这长达50年的艰苦斗争,南非建立了种族隔离博物馆,让人们得以清楚地了解这段历史,以及曼德拉为了自由与平等所作出的卓绝贡献。

South Africa had been under the shadow of apartheid from 1948 to 1994, until Nelson Mandela led the African National Congress (ANC) to defeat apartheid through persuasion and reconciliation; he was elected as the first black president in 1994. The Apartheid Museum was established in memory of the difficult fight lasting 50 years, to help people learn about the oppressive past, and to commemorate the extraordinary contribution from Nelson Mandela to the freedom and equity of South Africa.

如今的南非最高法院所在地“宪法山”,曾经是一座古堡监狱,关押过印度圣雄甘地和南非之父曼德拉。在最高法院过道的门上,还印有一句出自曼德拉自传的话语——“判断一个国家,不应看它如何对待自己最高层的公民,而应看它如何对待自己最底层的公民。”宪法山位于布拉姆弗泰恩郊外,在这里可以尽情俯瞰城市的绝美风光。宪法山还有南半球最大的人权图书馆和南非著名艺术家的艺术收藏品,可供游客尽情观赏。

Located in the suburb of Braamfontein, Constitution Hill overlooks the splendid glamour of Johannesburg. The Constitution Hill, which is now home to the Constitutional Court, the biggest human rights library in the southern hemisphere and the renowned gallery with collections from famous South African artists, this used to be a prison and military fort, where the Indian sage hero Mahatma Gandhi and Nelson Mandela were imprisoned. "A nation should not be judged by how it treats its highest citizens, but its lowest ones." – A quote from Mandela's bibliography is engraved on a door of a corridor of the Constitutional Court.


罗本岛 | Robben Island

罗本岛监狱是南非种族隔离制度这段历史中最著名的遗迹,曼德拉曾在这座闻名世界的岛上被监禁长达18年之久。罗本岛四周海浪湍急,因而成为了绝佳的囚禁之地。如今,这里则变成了向公众开放的博物馆,为人们源源不断地述说着过往数百年的历史。

The prison on Robben Island is the most well-known site about regarding apartheid in South Africa, where Nelson Mandela was imprisoned for 18 years. Surrounded by torrents on all sides, Robben Island was the perfect place to keep prisoners isolated. Nowadays, Robben Island is a public museum, showing visitors its infamous history which started hundreds of years ago.

从恬静的村庄到壮美的山脉,从开普敦到约翰内斯堡,从历史到如今,这独特的历史之旅或许会带给你一些新的启发。2018年,跟随曼德拉的足迹一起探寻“彩虹之国”的无限魅力吧!

From the rural tranquility to the splendor of mountains, from Cape Town all the way up to Johannesburg, from the past to present, you may get inspiration from this unique journey through history. Come and explore the glamour of the Rainbow Nation by following in the footsteps of Nelson Mandela in 2018!